Sebi, in its 95-page order, said in November 2007, RIL and several other entities closely associated with it, simultaneously traded in RPL in the cash and derivatives segments to profit from it.
Sebi imposed a fine of Rs 25 crore on RIL, Rs 15 crore on Ambani, the company’s chairman and managing director, Rs 20 crore on Navi Mumbai SEZ and Rs 10 crore on Mumbai SEZ.
The order said that “any manipulation in the volume or price of securities always erodes investor confidence in the market when investors find themselves at the receiving end of market manipulators”.
Till late on Friday RIL had not commented on the Sebi order. The regulatory order of Friday said that between October and November 2007, ‘RIL admittedly appointed 12 agents’ to undertake transactions in RPL derivative contracts on its behalf. During November 2007, these 12 agents took short positions in the derivatives segment on behalf of RIL, while the company traded in RPL shares in cash segment.
“From November 15, 2007 onwards, RIL’s short position in the derivatives segment constantly exceeded the proposed sale of shares in the cash segment. On November 29, 2007, RIL sold a total of 2.25 crore RPL shares in the cash segment during the last 10 minutes of trading resulting in a fall in prices of RPL shares, which also lowered the settlement price of RPL November Futures.
RIL’s entire outstanding position of 7.97 crore in the derivatives segment was cash settled at this depressed settlement price, resulting in profits on the said short positions. The said profits were transferred by the agents to RIL as per a prior agreement,” the order noted. “A common person connected with RIL had placed orders in the cash segment on behalf of RIL and in the derivatives segment on behalf of the agents.”
The funding for margin payments for the 12 agents was provided by Navi Mumbai SEZ and Mumbai SEZ, it added. Sebi order also said that being the CMD of RIL, Ambani was “responsible for the manipulative activities of RIL”.
Earlier, on March 24, 2017, Sebi had ordered RIL and some of its associated entities to disgorge nearly Rs 450 crore plus interest on it (which could work out to over Rs 1,000 crore) in same case.